Oral health begins before birth
Making infant and children’s oral health a priority is a key to lifelong health. Children should see a dentist as soon as the first tooth erupts or by 12 months of age and regularly thereafter, just like regular check-ups with their paediatrician or family doctor. Tooth decay can start as soon as baby teeth erupt into the mouth. That is why it is important for parents to adopt healthy dental practices early.
Your dentist can provide you with ways to help prevent your child from developing tooth decay. They can give you tips on how to clean your child’s teeth, when to begin to use fluoridated toothpaste, and discuss good eating habits. One of the best ways to keep your child’s smile healthy for life is to start good oral health habits early, even before the teeth arrive.
The Canadian Dental Association (CDA) recommends a first dental visit within the first year (12 months) as a dental best practice to help prevent cavities. It helps to establish a dental home for the child and encourages the development of a positive relationship with your dentist.
Delaying that first visit can have serious consequences. A Canadian Institute for Health Information report showed that treating early childhood caries (severe decay in the teeth of infants or young children under six years of age) accounts for approximately one-third of all hospital day surgeries performed on pre-schoolers (ages 1-4 years old).
Toothaches and infections resulting from untreated cavities in primary (baby) teeth can affect a child’s health and well-being, sometimes resulting in lost sleep, poor growth and nutrition and behavioural problems. The negative impacts can also extend to a child’s self-esteem and their ability to learn, communicate and socialize.
Celebrate Your Child’s First Tooth
Your child’s first visit to the dentist is an important milestone and should be celebrated!
It is an opportunity for the dentist to establish a relationship with your child and provide guidance to parents on optimal oral care. Establishing a dental home at a young age will allow a long lasting relationship, continuity of care and a reliable place to go in case of an emergency. Teaching parents and caregivers proper oral care from the start puts young children on the path to a healthy mouth and a healthy life.
How to Prevent Early Childhood Tooth Decay
Things you can do at home for your child to help prevent early childhood tooth decay:
- Maintain a good diet during pregnancy as baby teeth begin to develop as early as the first trimester.
- Breastfeed if possible. Many studies reveal that breastfed babies have fewer cavities. Remember, even breastfed babies need their teeth cleaned.
- Never put your baby to bed with a bottle or sippy cup of milk or any other liquid other than water.
- Keep bottles and sippy cups for feeding time only. Avoid letting your child walk around with a bottle or sippy cup.
- Establish oral hygiene routines early. Use a damp washcloth to wipe your baby’s mouth after every feeding. Once teeth erupt, introduce a toothbrush.
- Celebrate and reinforce the routine of mouth and teeth-cleaning.
- Start bottle weaning and introduce drinking from a cup by age 1.
- Limit juice or other sweet drinks to no more than 4 ounces a day.
- Give water in between meals.
- Eat a healthy diet. Foods rich in calcium and vitamin D are important for building strong teeth.
- Offer cheese, fruits, vegetables and nuts as snacks
- If using a soother use an age appropriate size and never dip it in sweets.
Oral Health Good for Life
Oral health is an integral part of general health. As healthcare professionals, primary health care providers are often the first point of contact in primary care for infants and young children. Reminding parents and caregivers of the importance of oral health can be an essential part of the regular examination of children.
Health Risks of Poor Oral Health for Young Children
According to a report from the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI), hospital outpatient dental surgery for early childhood caries constituted 31% of all day surgery for children age 1 to 4, making it the leading cause of day surgery for children in this age group.
The consequences of untreated early childhood caries can be significant. Pain, difficulty eating and sleeping, speech difficulties and poor self-esteem may occur. Untreated ECC can affect growth and the ability to learn, communicate and socialize. Canadian evidence also suggests that children with severe early childhood caries are more likely to be anemic, iron deficient, and vitamin D deficient. The quality of life of our youngest and often most vulnerable members of our society can be seriously compromised and yet early childhood caries is totally preventable.
Visiting the dentist within the first 12 months or within 6 months of the first tooth erupting is a dental best practice to help reduce the incidence of early childhood caries.
While tooth decay is preventable, good oral health begins at birth and has a proven effect on overall health.